Historical records indicate that archery has been in existence for a long time. In times past, archery was used in war and for hunting. However, since the development of the firearm, archery has now become a recreational activity. The sport involves a bow, a bowstring and an arrow. An arrow is a shaft with an arrowhead at the front and a nock and fletching at the back of the shaft. In the past, arrow shafts were made from wooden material. The downside with wooden archery arrows is that they are prone to warping.
Manufacturers are now using materials that are more durable such as fiberglass, aluminum, and carbon fiber. Shafts made out of fiberglass are brittle and straight. The aluminum shaft has the advantage of being lighter in weight and traveling faster than the fiberglass shaft. However, the best material to use in making the shaft is the carbon fiber. This material is even lighter than aluminum and flies faster and flatter than it as well.
Archery competitions involve shooting archery arrows at a set target from a prescribed distance. Target archery is both an indoor and outdoor sport. The indoor sport has a range of 18 to 25 meters. The targets are set up and archers participate by shooting at least three archery arrows within a specified period. When all the archers have shot their arrows, all the competitors move to the targets to compute their scores and retrieve their arrows. The targets are marked with concentric rings with each ring signifying a specific score. The outdoor sport has a range between 30 to 90 meters. The same rules apply in running the outdoor sport.
Apart from the target archery, there is also the field archery. This involves shooting targets at varying distances in rough terrain. Field archery involves three types of rounds. These are field, hunter and animal rounds. In the field round, archers shoot at targets set up 80 yards away. The archer should aim to hit the target at the white center or the black outer. Each part of the target has a specific score. The hunter round is not any different except that the targets are placed at an uneven distance 70 yards away. The targets to aim for are the black fur and the bull’s eye. The animal round is very exciting. It features life-size 2D animal targets placed at a distance. The whole scenario resembles a real life hunting expedition. 3D archery is also quite popular among ‘hunters’ because it involves shooting arrows at life sized models of real game.
There are other forms of archery that are also quite popular among archers such as flight archery, ski archery and cross- bow archery. In flight archery, the competitors aim to see who can shoot the furthest. This sport takes place in flat plateau-like areas. Ski archery, on the other hand, involves skiing over a set track and then shooting at targets set up at specific areas along the skiing track. Archery accessories make the game even easier to play. Accessories such as archery target stands, 3D antelope target and wheeled target stands are in popular usage today.
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